June 26, 2015 Beekeepers Meeting

80 Persons in attendance

 

Called to Order by: President Giles Berrier

 

Invocation was given by: Pres. Giles Berrier

 

Speaker was:    Nancy Ruppert, NC Bee Inspector

His Presentation was On:    “Hive Pest and Diseases”

Why worry about pest? Because your bees and money will be gone.  A healthy bee is the greatest defense against pest and diseases. You can help your bees by having good stock (hygienic), young queen, good nutrition, basic beekeeping knowledge, and thinking like a bee.  It’s simple and safer to follow proven practices and management.  “Natural Beekeeping” book by Ross Conrad can also help.  Your integrated pest management (IPM) needs to be effective, environmental sensitive, current, comprehensive, economical, and the least amount of damage.  IPM stages: set action thresholds, monitor and identify, prevention, and control.

 

Major Diseases of Honeybee:

 American Foulbrood is the worst and most contagious bacterial disease.  State will fumigate equipment or you need to destroy it.  Smells bad and sunken brood.

 

European Foulbrood is not as bad as American Foulbrood.  It also has a bad smell and sunken brood. Seen early in larvae.    Not fatal unless it’s a weak hive.  A strong hive can clear it up.  Antibiotic treatment will stop it from spreading.

 

Sac brood attacks larvae, causing death.  Larvae will look similar to a sac and turn from pearl to gray.

 

Chalk brood is a fungal disease of the brood. Larvae becomes chalk white.

 

Parasitic Mite Syndrome (PMS) is a condition that causes a colony to deteriorate and eventually dwindle away and die.  Varroa Mite is always present with this disease.

 

Pests:  Varroa Mite, Small Hive Beetles, Nosema, Wax Moths, Bears, Skunks, and Tracheal Mites. 

 

Varroa Mite has been a problem in US since 1987.  This parasitic causes multiple damages, transmits viruses, weakens the bees by draining them of nutrients, and causes early bee death.  Most colonies have varroa; it’s matter of how many.  Healthy bees can withstand some of the varroa effects.  You need to monitor your numbers by sugar roll, sticky board, or uncapping drone brood.  If treatment is need, decide on which one.  Whether it’s oxalic acid (newest method), Api Life Var, Apivar, Apiguard, or shop towels.

 

Small Hive Beetles have been in NC since 1998.  July and August is typically when your numbers go up.  Large numbers can decinate a hive in 10-14 days.  Best defense is a strong hive, limited shade, traps like beetle jails, and apply pressure.  When using the beetle jail traps, add oil and ¼ teaspoon of apple cider vinegar.  You can also ground drench around your hive with coumaphos as a last resort.

 

Wax Moths are large and grey.  They produce a web on frames.  Again, a strong hive is your best defense. 

 

Your IPM will really pay off big time.  Treatment is advise before October.  Nancy mentioned a link to Penn State Extension http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/FreePubs/PDFs/AGRS116.pdf

 

Secretary & Treasury Report

 

Cabarrus County Fair will be held September 11th - 19th.  At a future meeting we will pass around a sign up sheet if you wish to work our booth.  New Beekeeper caps are needed for our club to sale.  Please let Gene Furr and Don Morris know of a color preference. 

 

We have 105 members as of  last month.    

 

Door Prizes

 

50/50

6-Running Spinach Plants, 2-Bags of Cucumbers,

2-Bags of Candy, 3-Caps, Peach Custard Pie

$65.50

 

Please let me know of any Beekeepers who are sick or in the hospital.